South Pole Explorers

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Captain Scott

Robert Falcon Scott was born on 6 June 1868 in Devonport. He became a naval cadet at the age of 13 and served on a number of Royal Navy ships in the 1880s and 1890s. He attracted the notice of the Royal Geographical Society, which appointed him to command the National Antarctic Expedition of 1901-1904. The expedition - which included Ernest Shackleton - reached further south than anyone before them and Scott returned to Britain a national hero. He had caught the exploring bug and began to plan an expedition to be the first to reach the South Pole.  On 17 January, they reached the pole, only to find that a Norwegian party led by Roald Amundsen, had beaten them there.

 

Please access the resources below.

 

BBC History - Scott of the Antarctic

 

BBC News - Scott's Antarctic diet: Stewed penguin and champagne

 

Britannica - Robert Falcon Scott

 

BBC History - Ernest Shackleton

Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen, in full Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen, (born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Norway—died June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean), Norwegian explorer who was the first to reach the South Pole, the first to make a ship voyage through the Northwest Passage, and one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. He was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration.

Please access the resources below.

 

Britannica - Roald Amundsen

 

BBC History - Race to the South Pole

 

BBC News - Arctic Explorer's ship returns home after 100-years