Letters and Sounds Phonics Scheme

In KS1 we follow the Phonics programme Letters and Sounds to teach early reading and spelling skills.

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. Letters and Sounds is very structured and aims to ensure children use sounds to blend and segment words in order to read them successfully. There are 6 phases to the scheme and children work through the phases as they progress with their knowledge, understanding and confidence. Children at St Agnes are grouped according to their ability and receive small group daily Phonics sessions at the start of each day. The teaching of phonics incorporates a range of resources and strategies including games and songs. Phonics teaching is enhanced and embedded during daily Literacy lessons and Guided Reading sessions.

Please click on the picture link to access the Letters and Sounds website.  Please note:  Whilst every effort has been made evaluate these sites for content, St Agnes School is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.



Letters and Sounds Phases


Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five (Throughout Year 1) Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond) Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.